Wednesday, April 7, 2010
NOBLE FAMILIES OF JEWISH ANCESTRY
Found this on the following Web SIte: NOBLE FAMILIES OF JEWISH ANCESTRY
Aldobrandini, Princes - in the male line a branch of the Borghese family, considered of ancient Jewish origin.
Borghese, Princes - Originally from Germany, becoming Catholics in the late 14th or early 15th centuries. Princes of Sulmona, etc.
Torlonia, converts at the end of the 18th century, ennobled 1794, Patricians 1809, Princes 1814, Dukes 1847. Divided into two lines of Dukes Torlonia and Princes of Civitelli Cesi The junior line became extinct in the male line and was substituted with Borghese, also of Jewish descent (q.v.), acquiring the titles of Prince Torlonia, Prince of Fucino, Canino and Musignano (these last inherited on the extinction of the male line of Bonaparte di Canino) The title of Prince of Civitelli Cesi, however, reverted to the senior line, being attached to a male majorat.
NOBLE FAMILIES OF JEWISH ANCESTRY
© Guy Stair Sainty
Two related publications, the Semi-Gotha, or Historisch-genealoges-Taschenbuch des gesamted Adels jehuidäischen Ursprunges of 1912 and 1913, and the Semigothaisches Genealogisches Taschenbuch aristokratisch-jüdischer heiraten of 1914, attempted a comprehensive survey of those families of Jewish ancestry who were members of the titled European nobility (and a handful of non-European royalty or nobility). These were published at a time when the prestige and influence of European Jewry was at its highest and represented pride in their achievements since Jewish emancipation. Unhappily, these rare publications were later to be used by the nazis to identify families and individuals for extermination and many copies of these publications were destroyed both by nazi fanatics and by those Jewish families who had once been proud to have been included.
Birth dates were indicated with the hexagonal Star of David, while a Jewish tomb stone symbol indicated who died in the Jewish faith, and a Cross those who died in the Christian faith. Marriage dates were indicated with two bold rings interlocking if husband and wife both had Jewish blood, while a bold ring with an outline ring indicated whether only one of the partners was of Jewish ancestry. The frontispiece illustration of the 1913 edition was a portrait of Benjamin Disraeli, 1st (and last) Earl of Beaconsfield.
Guy Stair Sainty
Appointments, awards, and decorations:
Guy Sainty has been involved in the world of chivalry and heraldry for many years. He has served as leader of the International Patrons of the Arts of the Vatican Museums, and as one of three consultants
to the Committee on the Orders of Saint John of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta and the Alliance of Orders of Saint John.
Re: Pope Paul V - and the House of Borghese (Guy Stair Sainty))
Hereditary titles could only pass by successin through Catholic marriage; life titles could not pass.
Many papal titles were given to converts, including quite a number to converted Jews - it was the succession thereafter that required legitimate Catholic marriage.
Regarding Papal titles - before 1870 Papal titles were all "territorial", with the exception of the rather strange Papal title of Conte Palatino (which gave the holder the title of Count followed by his family name). The Pope's did not before 1870 grant Princely titles on the name - so all those families listed here who had Princely titles were Princes of somewhere.
After 1870 there were grants of titles of Prince, duke, (a few Marquesses) and Count, but these were on the name "Duke Stacpoole, "Countess Kennedy"; etc, most were hereditary, a few not; all however could only pass to the issue born of legitimate, Catholic marriages.
Each of former Italian states had their own nobiliary systems which the Savoys tried to rationalise. There were two "Lists" (Elenchi),called the "Elenco Ufficiale della Nobilta Italiana" which attempted to compile complete lists of all recognised titles - however one had to apply and some families linked closely to formerly ruling houses refused to do so.
As a general principle all titles followed the original patent - as most of nothern Italy was part of the HRE, naturally the Imperial titles followed the patent and passes to all male line descendants if these was the terms of the original patent. Most Austrian titles, granted by the Viceroy of Milan in the name of the Emperor after 1815, or by the Emperor directly, were also recognised when granted prior to 1866.
All Papal titles were recgnised in Italy - although this did require an administrative process for the recipient to be included on the Elenco - by the terms of the Lateran Treaty of 1929, which theoretically continued to bind the Republic after 1946.
Territorial titles granted with the remainder to males and females, with priority for males, after 1860 were only recgnised for females by specific royal confirmation, despite the original patents. Some of these titles, when granted by the Spanish Viceroys, are considered Spanish titles and these wuld be recognised in Spain according to the original patent - thus sometimes creating tw titles out of ne (the title of Duke of Ferrandina is one such example).