Wednesday, March 13, 2013

Congratulations Pope Francis I, Jose Mario Bergoglio

Bergoglio  was elected pope on 13 March 2013, the second day of the 2013 Papal conclave, taking the papal name Francis.
Bergoglio is the first Jesuit priest chosen to be pope. He is also the first pope from theAmericas, the New World, and the Southern Hemisphere. He is the first non-Europeanpope in over 1,200 years. The last non-European pope, St. Gregory III, was born in Syria and reigned from 731 to 741.

Pope Francis (LatinFranciscus; born Jorge Mario Bergoglio; 17 December 1936) is the266th and current Pope of the Catholic Church, elected on 13 March 2013. In that role, he is both the leader of the Catholic Church and Sovereign of the Vatican City State. From 1998 until his election as pope, he served as the Archbishop of Buenos Aires, and was created Cardinal in 2001 by Pope John Paul II. Francis speaks SpanishItalian and German fluently
As cardinal, Bergoglio became known for personal humility, doctrinal conservatism and a commitment to social justice. A simple lifestyle contributed to his reputation for humility. He lived in a small apartment, rather than in the palatial bishop's residence. He gave up his chauffeured limousine in favor of public transportation,  and he reportedly cooked his own meals. 

Sunday, March 10, 2013

The "Heaviest" document in the Vatican's Secret Library .... The Borghese Libri mastri

© 2011 Archivio Segreto Vaticano

The Vatican Secret Archives is famous all over the world not only for the antiquity, quantity and typology of its documents (some even dating back to the 8th century AD), but also for the bulk of some of them.
The entirety of documents (nearly 630 archive fonds) treasured by the Vatican Archives is extremely important in reconstructing the political, religious and social history of cities, nations and continents. 

One of these fonds, belonging to the Borghese family, was donated to the Vatican Secret Archives in 1932 by virtue of the strong link that the Borgheses had always had with the Papacy (pope Paul V, the Archive’s founder, was a Borghese), but also due to the higher degree of preservation that the Holy See could offer in those years compared that of the “younger” Italian State. The quantity of items from the vast family archive is in the range of nine thousand bundles, registers or parchments.

Within such great quantity of documents, which offer an evocative slice of early modern and modern Italian and European history, one finds various account books, technically called Libri mastri, volumes bearing the whole administrative life of an institution or, in this case, of a noble Roman family, whose business amount was greater than that of a modern-day large business.


© 2011 Archivio Segreto Vaticano